", Waterhistory.org: Imperial Rome Water Systems, Romanaqueducts.info: 600 Roman aqueducts, with 25 descriptions in detail, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aqueduct_(water_supply)&oldid=983717164, Articles needing additional references from July 2014, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2008, Articles with limited geographic scope from July 2012, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Daudi (داوودية) with underground aqueducts, Ghaili (الغيلية ) requiring a dam to collect the water, Aini (العينية ) whose source is a water spring. Hugely ambitious Roman engineering projects successfully mastered all kinds of difficult and dangerous terrain and made their magnificent arched aqueducts a common sight throughout the Roman Empire, supplying towns with water to meet not only basic needs but also those of large public Roman baths, decorative fountains (nymphaea) and private villas. "Aqueduct." In Persia from early times[vague] a system of underground aqueducts called qanāts were constructed, a series of well-like vertical shafts, connected by gently sloping tunnels. View from inside a Roman aqueduct from the Pools of Solomon to Jerusalem, An entrance to the ancient Puquios, near Nazca, The examples and perspective in this article, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of canal aqueducts in the United Kingdom, "Rome's Tremendous Tunnel: The Ancient World's Longest Underground Aqueduct", Certains Aspects de la Conception hydrauliques des Aqueducs Romains. Julius Caesar built an aqueduct at Antioch, the first outside Italy. Modern aqueducts are a central part of many countries' water distribution infrastructure. The time period in which they were constructed is still debated, but some evidence supports circa A.D. 540–552, in response to drought periods in the region.[4]. A version of this common in North Africa and Central Asia that has vertical wells at regular intervals is called a qanat. The complex network of uncovered and covered aqueducts still functions well. The ancient Romans were particularly famous for their aqueducts and some still stand today. Last modified September 01, 2012. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. 2008. In, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 20:54. taps into subterranean water in a manner that delivers water to the surface without need for pumping. Pisistratus constructed an aqueduct of 15 to 25 cm wide ceramic pipes in the Ilissus valley, 8 km long. aqueduct. a passage (a pipe or tunnel) through which water or electric wires can pass. The Central Arizona Project is the largest and most expensive aqueduct constructed in the United States. In Oman from the Iron Age, in Salut, Bat, and other sites, a system of underground aqueducts called falaj or qanāts were constructed, a series of well-like vertical shafts, connected by gently sloping horizontal tunnels. It is considered an underground aqueduct and brought fresh water to Pythagoreion for roughly a thousand years. Aqueducts, however, allowed communities to live further from a water source and to utilise land which would otherwise have been unusable for agriculture. [6] The civilization that constructed the aqueduct system remains a mystery to archaeologists; it is suspected that Guayabo's aqueducts sat at a point of ancient cultural confluence between Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas. Los Milagros Aqueduct, Méridaby Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA). The aqueduct system in the state of California is by far the longest in the world. The first sophisticated long-distance canal systems were constructed in the Assyrian Empire in the 9th century BCE and incorporated tunnels several kilometres in length. "Aqueduct." Don't have an account yet? Aqueduct comes from the Latin word aquæductus, which itself is from the roots aqua, meaning water, and ducere, meaning "to lead." Web. The California Aqueduct conveys water about 700 km (440 miles) from the northern (wetter) part of the state into the southern (drier) part, yielding more than 2.5 billion litres (650 million gallons) of water a day. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement. Because of the root word aqua, there is a tendency to try to spell aqueduct with an A in place of the E, but now you'll know better. Related Content Rills were later exceptionally developed in the Moorish (Spanish) Gardens of Al-andalus, such as at the Alhambra in Granada; and also in other Islamic gardens, cultures, and countries. a pipeline or channel built to carry water to populated areas. Originally tracing part of its path over now-gone Lake Texcoco, only a fragment remains in Mexico City today. Some of the Roman aqueducts still supply water to Rome today. Another use for aqueducts is to supply large cities with drinking water. The Guayabo National Monument of Costa Rica, a park covering the largest archaeological site in the country, contains a system of aqueducts. 3rd-century BCE Syracuse benefitted from no fewer than three aqueducts and Hellenistic Pergamon, c. 200 BCE, had some of the most sophisticated water management structures known at that time. Ancient History Encyclopedia.

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