Each elytron has 3 obscure raised longitudinal lines. It covers four smaller families too: Buprestidae (jewel beetles), Drilidae (one species: Drilus flavescens), Lycidae (net-winged beetles) and Lampyridae (glow-worms). Black-tipped soldier beetle. Malthinus, and sometimes roughly sculptured or rugose, epipleura usually wide at the base and attenuating towards the apex. Soldier beetles are nicknamed leatherwings because of their soft, clothlike wing covers, which when brightly colored are reminiscent of uniforms. There is a good paper on cantharid larvae, including a key to genera, by Mike Fitton (1975). It looks like a soldier beetle, but doesn’t match all it’s features. Some are associated with particular habitats e.g. Britain, Ireland and abroad. Legs 5-segmented. (ii)    that Malthodes lobatus has been discovered here. Soldier beetle, any member of the approximately 3,500 species of the widely distributed insect family Cantharidae (order Coleoptera). They are summer beetles, adults emerging from the pupal state in late April, May or June and dying off between June and September depending on the species. Urogomphi absent, in some species with robust apical hooks. Anterior margin of clypeus variable; from rounded to emarginate, frontoclypeal suture absent except in Chauliognathini. The family has been rather well-defined and stable from its beginning although for much of the nineteenth century it was called the Telephoridae and included within the Malacordermata, a ‘dumping ground’ for various soft-bodied and otherwise ‘awkward’ groups; it was treated by LeConte as a subfamily of the Lampyridae, and the  Chauliognathinae was. Though I’ve never reared one, I frequently see what I believe to be cantharid larvae by grubbing at the soil surface. All tarsi have 5 obvious segments, some of which are bilobed. One of the first described species has a color pattern reminiscent of the red coats of early British soldiers, hence the common name. Harmless beetles with long antennae. Larvae emerge soon after the eggs are laid and develop through the summer and following winter, with many species of, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. They are summer beetles, adults emerging from the pupal state in late April, May or June and dying … They vary in size from 2 to 15mm and are variable in appearance although in our limited fauna they will soon become familiar and so distinct from superficially similar species e.g. All thoracic and abdominal segments with paired glandular pores laterally. the ubiquitous Rhagonycha fulva (Scopoli, 1763) have a later season. I run a bug zoo, and I raise woodlice, caterpillars, house spiders, maggots, snails, crickets, etc, so this will be a good addition to it. These conspicuous beetles occur in a wide range of habitats, with common species such as Rhagonycha fulva being especially abundant in the spring and summer. Pronotum generally near-quadrate, transverse, e.g. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. Beetles, Pan-species Listing, all-round natural history. Silini is widespread but notably absent from New Zealand, Tytthonyxini, by far the most diverse group, includes the atypical New World genus Tyttonyx LeConte, 1851 (sometimes placed in the Malthininae) which includes species with abbreviated elytra and serrate or flabellate antennae. benefits youngster with Autism, Eighth Recipient of the Nasty Reader Award: Pink Inchworm. Soldier beetles are a common outdoor insect that can be abundant accidental invaders as either larvae or adults. Silis, and often explanate, mostly sub-parallel to broadest at the base and narrowed anteriorly, anterior angles rounded to well-defined, the surface variously depressed. It differs from Cantharis Linnaeus, 1758 (15 species) and Rhagonycha Eschscholtz, 1830 in having all the claws entire. It is thought that, in general, any particular adult-host association is determined more by larvae ecology. Labial palps 3-segmented, maxillary palps 4-segmented, the terminal segment cylindrical and pointed to widely expanded. Elytra soft, generally parallel-sided or weakly broadened towards the apex, usually covering most of the abdomen and the hind wings, sometimes, rarely, abbreviated. We have no information on raising them in captivity. It is thought that all British species have a single generation each year; adults are generally short-lived, laying eggs early in their season. Sawyer beetle is the common name of beetles … Malthininae Kiesenwetter, 1852 includes 3 tribes and is almost cosmopolitan, being absent from New Zealand and represented in Australia by only a single species of Malthodes Kiesenwetter, 1852 which is probably introduced. in Silis and Malthodes, or elongate in some Podabrus. Several species of fungus are known to attack cantharids, probably with some specificity, e.g. In some the eyes are dimorphic, being larger in the male. Fitton, M. (1975). The Cantharinae Imhoff, 1856 is most diverse in the Holarctic and Oriental regions and extends south India, Malaysia, North Africa and Central America; it is the largest subfamily with about 70 genera and more than 3000 species and includes 2 tribes; Cantharini Imhoff, 1856 and the larger Podabrini Gistel, 1856. All text on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. They are known as soldier and sailor beetles because of the bright colours of the adults. The season for many is middle to late-spring into early July although many will be seen in small numbers into August, and some e.g. These slender, soft-bodied beetles are brown or black and trimmed like a soldier’s uniform—with red, yellow, or orange. It is a small family of 41 species in 7 genera. It is thought that all British species have a single generation each year; adults are generally short-lived, laying eggs early in their season. The larvae of many are nocturnal and rarely seen at other times; they are generally abundant and will soon turn up in winter tussock and litter extraction samples. It looks like a soldier beetle, but doesn’t match all it’s features. Your email address will not be published. Keith advises “this doesn’t cope with all the variation but should help people to get to grips with the species”. Malthininae Keisenwetter, 1852 includes 4 species of Malthinus Latreille, 1806 which have the mandibles toothed internally, and 12 species of Malthodes Keisenwetter, 1852 in which they are simple. Factsheet. As always, very helpful and instructive and much appreciated. Adult Cantharids may generally be distinguished from those of other families by the following: weakly sclerotized and soft-bodied with the head mostly exposed in front of the pronotum, 11-segmented and usually filiform antennae but in some groups they are pectinate or flabellate, labrum membranous and often obscured by the clypeus. Our only member of the Silinae Mulsant, 1862, Silis ruficollis, is a local insect of Southern England and Wales. The pronotum is coarsely punctured throughout and deeply notched at the posterior angles. These conspicuous beetles occur in a wide range of habitats, with common species such as. does not endorse extermination, Mating Soldier Beetles from Colorado, probably Colorado Soldier Beetles, Soldier Beetle from England: Cantharis rustica. Most adults are very active, they fly readily and spend much time exposed among vegetation or on flowers, and as a defence mechanism many have evolved aposematic colouration and/or chemical defences; both adults and larvae of many species possess paired thoracic and abdominal glands which secrete chemicals to deter predators. Soldier Beetles. Habitat: Grassland, wasteground, gardens and woodland edges. These conspicuous beetles occur in a wide range of habitats, with common species such as Rhagonycha fulva being especially abundant in the spring and summer. Location: Norfolk, United Kingdom The majority are generalist feeders and there do not seem to be many examples of host specificity, one notable example is the  ‘goldenrod leatherwing’ Chauliognathus pensylvanicus (DeGeer, 1774), a common Nearctic species which is particularly attracted to Solidago (goldenrod) flowers in the autumn although the adults consume insect larvae and eggs etc. Fitton’s keys make allowance for all known variants but if you want to get to the stage where you can identify cantharids in the field, you need to be confident you know the range of variation in each species. Common. You can also subscribe without commenting. They are also known commonly as leatherwings because of their soft elytra.. But despite these changes the group remains rather characteristic and stable. Lateral margin variously bordered, generally entire but sometimes incised e.g. They are quite dark and have a velvety coating of hairs. Ent., 44: 243 – 254. Abdomen with 7 or 8 segments, the tergites with lateral glands. Soldier Beetle Life Cycle : Like all beetles, soldier beetles have “complete” metamorphosis with egg, larval, pupal, and adult stages.


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